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Table of Contents: Democracy for All

Street Law, Inc.

Over 40 years of educating about law, democracy, and human rights

Chapter 1: What is Democracy?

  1. Defining Democracy
  2. Democracy and Power
  3. Types of Democracy
    • Direct Democracy
    • Representative Democracy
  4. Difference Between Democracy and Dictatorship
  5. Types of Representative Democracy
  6. Parliamentary Democracy
  7. Presidential Democracy
  8. Combined Parliamentary and Presidential Democracy           
  9. Fundamental Principles of Democracy           
  10. Signposts of Democracy
  11. Expectations of Democracy
  12. You and Democracy

Chapter 2: How Government Works in a Democracy

  1. A Constitution and Bill of Rights
  2. Drafting a Constitution
  3. Changing a Constitution
  4. Structure of Government
    • Systems of Government
    • Branches of Government
  5. Role of Government in the Economy

Chapter 3: Checking the Abuse of Power

  1. What is Abuse of Power?
  2. Accountability and Transparency
    • Limiting Accountability and Transparency
  3. Domestic Methods of Checking the Abuse of Power
    • Separation of Powers
    • A Bill of Rights
    • The Rule of Law
    • Multi-Party Democracy
    • Publicity and the Media
    • Fair Procedures
    • The Ombudsperson or the Public Protector
    • Special Commissions of Inquiry
  4. International Methods of Checking the Abuse of Power
    • The United Nations Organisation
    • Non-Governmental Organisations

Chapter 4: Human Rights and Democracy

  1. What are Human Rights?
  2. Different Types of Human Rights
    • Civil and Political Rights
    • Social and Economic Rights
    • Environmental and Developmental Rights
  3. Which Rights should be in a Bill of Rights?
    • Should a Bill of Rights Operate Vertically or Horizontally?
  4. How Human Rights make Democracy Succeed
    • Freedom of Expression
    • Freedom of Association
    • Freedom of Assembly
    • Right to Equality
  5. Conflicting Human Rights in a Democracy
  6. Is it Ever Justified to Suspend Human Rights in a Democracy?

Chapter 5: Elections

  1. Elections and Voting
  2. Who can Vote?
  3. Political Parties in an Election
  4. Multi-party Democracy
  5. Candidates in an Election
  6. Free and Fair Elections
    • Political Campaigns
    • Sample Election Code of Conduct
  7. Frequency of Elections
  8. Voting Procedures
    • Before the Election
    • Voting in an Election
  9. Political Tolerance and Elections
  10. After the Elections: Acceptance of Defeat

Chapter 6: Citizen Participation

  1. What is Citizen Participation?
  2. Becoming Informed
    • Critical Reading
    • Active Listening
    • Debating Issues
  3. Participation in Civil Society
  4. Participation in Party Politics
    • Joining a Political Party
    • Participation at Election Time
    • After Elections
    • Standing for Election
  5. How Citizens can Change Public Policy
    • Lobbying
  6. Protests and Demonstrations
  7. Responsibility Towards other Citizens

Words to Know


  1. Abbreviated Version of South African Interim Bill of Rights
  2. Summary of South African Interim Constitution

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